January 4, 2012

Islam Description

Islam is the religion articulated by the Qur’an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of the single incomparable God.
Muslims believe that God revealed his final message to humanity through the Islamic prophet Muhammad via the archangel Gabriel. For them, Muhammad was God's final prophet and the Qur'an is the holy book of revelations he received over more than two decades.
In Islam, prophets are men selected by God to be his messengers. Muslims believe that prophets are human and not divine, though some are able to perform miracles to prove their claim. Islamic prophets are considered to be the closest to perfection of all humans, and are uniquely the recipients of divine revelation—either directly from God or through angels.
The word Islam is a homograph, having multiple meanings, and a triliteral of the word salaam, which directly translates as peace. Other meanings include submission, or the total surrender of oneself to God.
When the two root words are put together, the word 'Islam' gives the meaning 'Peace aquired by submission to the will of God'.
This submission requires a fully conscious and willing effort to submit to their one Almighty God. One must consciously and conscientiously give oneself to the service of Allah.
The Qur'an mentions the names of numerous figures considered prophets in Islam, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, among others. Islamic theology says that all of God's messengers since Adam preached the message of Islam—submission to the will of God. According to the Quran the will of God is brought to the nations by the descendants of Abraham and Imran. Islam is described in the Qur'an as "the primordial nature upon which God created mankind", and the Qur'an states that the proper name Muslim was given by Abraham
Islam is not a religion to be taken light heartedly; It is an all-encompassing way of life that must be practiced continuously for it to be Islam.
The Muslims must practice the five pillars of the religion: the declaration of faith in the oneness of Allah. The prophet hood of Muhammad, prayer, fasting the month of Ramadan, alms-tax, and the pilgrimage to Mecca; (A city of western Saudi Arabia near the coast of the Red Sea. The birthplace of Muhammad, it is the holiest city of Islam and a pilgrimage site for all devout believers of the faith) The belief in the six articles of faith: belief in God, the Holy Books, the prophets, the angels, the Day of Judgment and God's decree, whether for good or ill.

There are other injunctions and commandments which concern virtually all facets of one's personal, family and civic life. These include such matters as diet, clothing, personal hygeine, interpersonal relations, business ethics, responsibilities towards parents, spouse and children, marriage, divorce and inheritance, civil and criminal law, fighting in defense of Islam, relations with non-Muslims, and much more.

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