October 16, 2011

Id ul-Adha (‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā)

Eid al-Adha

Id ul-Adha (‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā)
Official name Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎
‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā : Also called Festival of Sacrifice, Sacrifice Feast

Significance Commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his eldest son Ishmael in obedience to a command from Allah - and Ishmael's acceptance of this command. Marks the end of the Pilgrimage to sundown, and ask God for forgiveness. Begins 10 Dhu al-Hijjah Ends 13 Dhu al-Hijjah 2011 date November 6 to November 9

Observances Prayer, sacrificing a cow, goat, sheep, or a camel, giving to poor people as a gift.

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā; English pronunciation: /ˌiːd ʌl ˈædə/, Arabic: Arabic pronunciation: [ʕiːd al ʔadˁˈħɑː]) or "Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Eid" is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide to commemorate the willingness of Abraham (Ibrahim) to sacrifice his son Ishmael (Isma'il) as an act of obedience to God, before God intervened to provide him with a ram to sacrifice instead.

[1] The meat is divided into three parts. The family retains one third of the share; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the other third is given to the poor and needy.
Eid al-Adha is the latter of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from Sura 2 (Al-Baqara) Ayah 196 in the Qur'an.

[2] Like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a Wajib prayer of two Raka'ah (units) followed by a sermon (khuṭbah).

The word "Eid" appears in Sura al-Mai'da ("The Table Spread," Chapter 5) of the Qur'an, meaning 'solemn festival'.

[3] Eid al-Adha iscelebrated annually on the 10th day of the 12th and the last Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) of the lunar Islamic calendar.

[4] Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat.

The date is approximately 70 days (2 Months & 10 days) after the end of the month of Ramadan, i.e. Eid-ul-Fitr. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah.

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